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Environment

Enviroment protection

Environmental protection concerns us all. Around the world, groups  protect the remaining habitat from destruction and revitalize already destroyed, in order to maintain the ecological balance. They did not always meet with open ears, and even some small goals can be achieved only extremely laborious. Even in Greece, more and more people are thinking and willing to change their behaviour.

Were previously untouched landscape by urban sprawl and hotel complexes "concreted over", you will meet more frequently now to hoteliers and architects, which include the construction of new plants with the environmental concerns. The planned route of new roads is hotly debated, as well as the awarding of new industrial sites. Fortunately, the Greek islands and remained the largest part of the mainland until now spared from industrial sites.

Although the general economic situation in Greece the use of large sums of money for environmental protection is not always the desired extent permitted, including a reorientation is evident here. Nature reserves arise. Special regulations are adopted. Even in the schools to provide the basis for a new environmental consciousness are defined:

• Pollution is not only in theory, a subject in schools - pull off all the schools and clean forests and beaches of debris and garbage.

• All major cities and villages are now equipped with special containers, so that the waste be separated.

• Since 1986, subsidized only hotels that have a sewage systems.

• More and more hotels use environmentally friendly cleaning and laundry detergent, towels, guests can steer yourself there.
 
• A major program of reforestation of burned forests ongoing since 1994. So far, thousands of Greeks planted a sapling and helped so large areas of Rhodes, Samos and Kavala greening up again. 

Further projects will follow this way. It is up to all of us to protect the environment through our behaviour.

Thank you for your help!

Flora and fauna

Relative to its surface is Greece with more than 6,000 species of plants one of the richest countries in the world – here are growing about 10% of the world's known plant species.
In spring, the landscape comes alive: wallflowers bloom luxuriantly, oleanders, violets, daffodils, irises, primulas. We find cyclamen, anemones, daisies, and poppies appear all the fields in an incomparable red.
Shining bougainvillea and hibiscus can be found everywhere - they are originally from South America. Also, agaves, prickly pear cactus, palms, acacia and mimosa trees were located only in recent centuries in Greece. The first lemon and orange trees, Alexander the Great brought from his campaigns with the Asian country.
In the fertile lowlands and coastal regions grow mixed forests of oak, sycamore trees, Aleppo pines, carob trees. At higher elevations and on the bare floors of the lower regions found dry Macchia (such as juniper, thyme, Erika, thistles), the sheep and goats is as poor pasture. The mixed forest in the mountains of northern and central Greece consists of chestnut, beech, maple and sycamore trees. Coniferous forests extend up to about 1700 meters altitude, the Aleppo pine grows up to about 2000 meters altitude. If permitted by the karstified rocks, one can find in higher regions still sparse alpine meadows.
The extensive forests in ancient Greece were largely the axes of the shipbuilder or the victim were cleared to gain agricultural land, the vegetation is largely destroyed by continuous overgrazing. Thus, on some islands, the landscape is now more of baldness and bareness than southern opulence characterized.
A tree, however, is part for Greece, Elia, the olive tree. As one legend, the goddess Athena made him their city (Athens) to the present. Olive branches are valid since ancient times as a symbol of peace and reconciliation.
The cultivation of the olive tree requires much patience, but it bears fruit at the earliest after 10 years - and even then only every second year. Sun Olive Oil was traded since earliest times as a precious treasure. It was tender and was considered so valuable that it was even awarded a prize in sports contests. Oil lamps were carefully guarded at all times. Today anyone can afford olive oil, it is still for the preparation of food valued. The Cretan olive oil is from a study of American health researchers as a cancer preventive agent, it is considered to be particularly pure. Soaps made from olive oil are particularly suitable for gentle skin cleansing.
Anyone interested in aromatic and medicinal herbs: In Greece, one finds, for example, chamomile (Chamomíli), marjoran (Mandzurána), sage (Faskúmilo), thyme (Timari), rosemary (Dendrolíwano), oregano (rigani) or laurel (Daphne). Dried herbs are a popular souvenir.

Relative to its surface is Greece with more than 6,000 species of plants one of the richest countries in the world – here are growing about 10% of the world's known plant species.
In spring, the landscape comes alive: wallflowers bloom luxuriantly, oleanders, violets, daffodils, irises, primulas. We find cyclamen, anemones, daisies, and poppies appear all the fields in an incomparable red.
Shining bougainvillea and hibiscus can be found everywhere - they are originally from South America. Also, agaves, prickly pear cactus, palms, acacia and mimosa trees were located only in recent centuries in Greece. The first lemon and orange trees, Alexander the Great brought from his campaigns with the Asian country.
In the fertile lowlands and coastal regions grow mixed forests of oak, sycamore trees, Aleppo pines, carob trees. At higher elevations and on the bare floors of the lower regions found dry Macchia (such as juniper, thyme, Erika, thistles), the sheep and goats is as poor pasture. The mixed forest in the mountains of northern and central Greece consists of chestnut, beech, maple and sycamore trees. Coniferous forests extend up to about 1700 meters altitude, the Aleppo pine grows up to about 2000 meters altitude. If permitted by the karstified rocks, one can find in higher regions still sparse alpine meadows.
The extensive forests in ancient Greece were largely the axes of the shipbuilder or the victim were cleared to gain agricultural land, the vegetation is largely destroyed by continuous overgrazing. Thus, on some islands, the landscape is now more of baldness and bareness than southern opulence characterized.
A tree, however, is part for Greece, Elia, the olive tree. As one legend, the goddess Athena made him their city (Athens) to the present. Olive branches are valid since ancient times as a symbol of peace and reconciliation.
The cultivation of the olive tree requires much patience, but it bears fruit at the earliest after 10 years - and even then only every second year. Sun Olive Oil was traded since earliest times as a precious treasure. It was tender and was considered so valuable that it was even awarded a prize in sports contests. Oil lamps were carefully guarded at all times. Today anyone can afford olive oil, it is still for the preparation of food valued. The Cretan olive oil is from a study of American health researchers as a cancer preventive agent, it is considered to be particularly pure. Soaps made from olive oil are particularly suitable for gentle skin cleansing.
Anyone interested in aromatic and medicinal herbs: In Greece, one finds, for example, chamomile (Chamomíli), marjoran (Mandzurána), sage (Faskúmilo), thyme (Timari), rosemary (Dendrolíwano), oregano (rigani) or laurel (Daphne). Dried herbs are a popular souvenir.

And a word to the fauna:

Due to deforestation and forest fires - especially on the Greek islands - the habitat of many animals were destroyed. In the mountains of northern Greece have survived partly red and black game, lately also bears here and there back home. In Crete, you can still find the wild bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus) one of the "primeval mothers" of today's domestic goat.

Great is the stock of rabbits, and countless birds stop on their southbound train stop in Greece. Also, lizards, snakes and the Greek land turtle are found in great variety.
By the way: The danger bitten, while hiking in Greece by a snake to be, is not very large. Snakes are shy animals. They perceive the vibration of the ground and flee before you reach them. The best protection against unpleasant surprises: sturdy shoes and attention - in overgrown areas or stomp repeatedly scan the area with a stick.
The most poisonous snake in Greece, the sand viper (Vipera ammodytes), carries a horn at the tip of the snout and a distinctive dark zig-zag pattern on its back. It comes up in front of 2,000 meters and prefers decaying walls and screes (with or without scrub). The lives of over 2000 meters also toxic, but harmless viper. Which is completely harmless leopard snake (Elaphe situla), which resides preferably in shrubbery and low bushes. Their striking markings - dark red, black edged spots on clay-colored to reddish-gray background - makes it one of the most beautiful snakes in Europe.
The footless Scheltopusik (Ophisaurus apodus) is sometimes replaced with a snake-different, but the lizard belongs to the family of worms. Two tiny hind leg mute moose remember that the ancestors of Scheltopusik had limbs. It is up to five feet long and loves rock fields and thorny thickets.
In addition to the whole Mediterranean native fish are caught on the coasts of Greece's octopus (octopus), mussels, lobster and crayfish, are very well known, the Greek natural sponges.
Greece now also run in efforts to protect flora and fauna: The Nestos Delta, 30 km east of Kavala, is one of the five most important wetland habitats in Europe. This breed more than 270 bird species - many of them endangered. The Greek government with communities, institutions and the European Cultural Heritage Foundation, to ensure the survival of endangered animal species.
The dynamite fishing is now prohibited and punishable by heavy fines. In a marine park near the island of Alonissos a shelter for the rare seal was created. In the National Park in western Crete Samaria many rare birds such as golden eagles, or the endangered bearded vulture or. The nesting sites of loggerhead turtles (eg, on Zakynthos) are under nature conservation, to protect the highly endangered Mediterranean monk seal was a WWF-funded project on the islands of Kefalonia, Ithaka, and Lefkas started.

Please support the efforts of conservationists, by not disturbing animals in their natural habitat and diving in the caves of the seals and thus drive them out of their last hiding places. 
Thank you!